| Naveed Ullah
What is Color Theory
Color theory is a study of the science and art of how to use colors in a better way. It also talks about how the colors work better with others and how those colors are perceived by humans by human eyes. There are also some rules and guidelines on how to use colors in visual arts and designs.
The color theory also includes a deep understanding of colors’ connection with the emotions of human beings, like every color expresses a specific kind of message and emotion to its viewers, and this knowledge helps a lot to decide or pick a color scheme for almost every product, design, and visual materials. There is a special technique to use a better color scheme called a color wheel.
What is Color Wheel
The color wheel is a set of specific colors which are arranged in a circle. This is a special technique that shows the relationship between different colors to each other. There are twelve colors in a color wheel and three-color combinations which are:
Primary Colors – there are three colors in this set (red, yellow, and blue)
Secondary Colors – there are three colors in this set which are a mixture of primary colors to each other (green, orange, and purple)
Tertiary Colors – there are also three colors in this set which are a mixture of primary and secondary colors (green-yellow, red-orange, red-purple, blue-purple, blue-green, and yellow orange).
The color wheel has two types. The RYB (Red, Yellow, and Blue) is used by artists for their painting colors. The RGB (Red, Green, and Blue) is used for digital design and the online world like computers and TV, etc.
Best Use of Color Wheel
To find harmonious color combinations there are some techniques that are commonly used by designers and artists.
Complementary – Two colors that are on opposite sides of the color wheel. They create a high contrast and high impact.
Monochromatic – This is the color scheme that uses a different variation of the single base color. Different shades, tones, and tints of the same color are used which creates a harmonious color combination.
Analogous – These are the three colors that are side by side on a color wheel and share a similar hue. In this color combination take one color as the main dominant color then use their neighbor colors which create a good blending effect and gives a natural, and smoothing effect.
Triadic – A group of three colors that are evenly spaced in a color wheel, forming a triangle shape. This creates a high-contrast color scheme and is commonly used to give a dynamic and vibrant look to designs and artworks.
Tetradic – Tetradic also known as double complementary colors is a group of four colors that are evenly spaced on a color wheel. This color scheme creates a pretty rich complex and color balanced for the various designs and artworks. But remember the more colors you have in your palette the more difficult it is to balance so this combination is used where we need multiple vibrant colors in our design and artwork.
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